Web development is a lucrative industry, and one that is poised to grow in the coming years. There has never been a better time to get into development, but – if you’re new to the field – deciding your precise path can be complicated.
If you are deciding to become a web or software developer, you have probably heard the terms “backend” and “frontend” development. When it comes to backend vs frontend development, it is not necessarily an either/or scenario. Many successful developers work both front and backend technologies, and a diverse skillset of course helps your career.
If you are considering specializing in either frontend or backend development, however, there are some important differences to consider. Developers are responsible for different aspects of a website, mobile application, or software depending on their precise job title. Below, we will breakdown the differences between frontend and backend development and go over some pros and cons of both fields.
Developers often use the analogy of a brick-and-mortar store when explaining the difference between front and backend development.
Frontend development entails optimizing everything customers see – from the paint or wallpaper to the display racks – to optimize customer experience.
Working in frontend development means handling the client side. Frontend developers do things like implement a website’s visual component, create interactive features, and better the user experience overall. Frontend developers often work as web designers to help create an easy-to-navigate and aesthetically pleasing webpage.
The skills for any developer depend on the specific needs of a given company. Preferred programming languages and professional experience varies from position to position, so there is no one-size-fits all option.
However, there are some broad skill sets you should work on if you want to work in frontend development:
You should also be familiar with:
Some common frontend development jobs include:
Frontend developer salaries range from roughly 90K to 140K per year.
Going back to the brick-and-mortar store analogy, the backend is everything you find in the “Employee’s Only” sections. This includes things like inventory, cleaning supplies, and so on.
As a backend developer, you maintain everything needed to keep things running smoothly on the frontend.
Backend development focuses less on customer-facing aspects of websites and mobile apps. It instead makes things work using backend languages and addresses server-side web application and logic.
As with frontend development, a lot is contingent on the specific needs of your company. This is yet another reason to have as diverse a skillset as possible to stay competitive in the tech world.
Backend development requires more advanced programming languages, as well as knowledge of frameworks like Ruby on Rails and .NET. The most common languages used in backend development are:
In addition to the above languages, backend developers should also know:
Backend developers can work in a variety of different fields, but some common jobs include:
The average salary of a backend developer is around $124,000 per year.
There is a lot of overlap between frontend and backend development, but there are some subtle differences in focus and mindset. Speaking broadly, frontend developers focus more on the creative side while backend developers focus more on the technical side.
Frontend development often entails making web design mockups come to life. The job often appeals to those with an artistic side as you will be working on visual frameworks and improving overall user experience.
Backend developers handle the more logical aspects of web development. Backend developers often enjoy working their way through coding challenges and developing algorithms. You spend the bulk of your time streamlining behind-the-scenes processes.
It is important to keep in mind that there is a lot of overlap in the web development world. Having creative tendencies does not mean you would not thrive in backend development. Nor does being a more logical person does not prohibit you from excelling on the frontend.
Many developers end up full-stack developers, capable of writing both frontend and backend code. These positions often pay more and may be more secure as they make you more valuable to the company.
Both frontend and backend developers can enjoy long and fulfilling careers. While there is a lot of overlap between the skills required for either career path, there are key differences between jobs in front and backend development. These differences may make you more suited to one area.
Many skills are developed over time. As you grow in your career, you will likely develop proficiency in both frontend and backend languages. This will open you up to many new opportunities. Make sure to explore both sides of development throughout your career. This is the best way to find the job best suited for you.
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